The automobile industry in Japan has a long history. The Japanese Automotive Manufacturers Association was established in 1967 to assist the country’s auto manufacturers deal with changes in the economy and GATT liberalization. Japan’s automakers recognized the need for greater automation and began using robotics and advanced digital manufacturing techniques in the 1970s. This trend was matched by changes in management structures. Toyota began building its first cars in 1936, although most of its vehicles were still trucks.
Steel and iron comprise the largest share of the weight of the automobile industry. These two materials are highly durable and contribute over eighty percent of the car’s mass. Their lightweight properties allow them to reduce the car’s weight by up to 30%. As fossil fuel prices continue to rise, automobile manufacturers will focus on the use of these materials in their vehicles. In addition to being lightweight, petroleum-based materials are also eco-friendly and have many other advantages.
To create a new car, the process of manufacture begins at different locations. The components must be manufactured and tested in other locations before being shipped to the assembly plant. Thousands of parts must be produced, packaged, and shipped to the assembly plant. To ensure quality, most automobile manufacturers require outside parts vendors to undergo rigorous testing and inspection audits. This allows them to ensure that their cars are free from defects. There are several challenges in the process of automobile manufacture.
The assembly line benefited the automotive industry. Using a conveyor belt to move chassis and components down a production line greatly reduced the amount of manual labor involved. It also allowed factories to increase efficiency and reduce cost. As the automobile industry has evolved, so too has the assembly line. This process is faster, cheaper, and more flexible than before. For nearly five decades, this system has become a staple in the automobile industry. Many companies have also adopted this manufacturing process.
Currently, automobile manufacturers use computer-aided design (CAD) software to simulate the look of new vehicles. Developing these models has never been more innovative. Using the latest technology, automotive manufacturers have been successful in designing and creating cars that are tailored to the tastes of the public. In addition to the latest designs and features, automobile manufacturers use computer-aided design equipment to create clay models and study them. In addition, aerodynamic engineers review clay models and study the air-flow characteristics of each vehicle, as well as crash test feasibility.
The first Model T was produced in Indianapolis in 1903, and by the early 1920s, the plant was producing over 25,000 vehicles annually. In 1928, Ford Motor Company decentralized its operations and began to focus on Model A production. Model A cars sold well, but were unprofitable. Ford eventually closed the Indianapolis plant in 1932 after failing to sell enough cars to maintain its operations. It has since been reborn as a company and has remained one of the most popular automobile companies in the world.